Don't Miss >

Arturo Alvarado, El Colegio de Mexico – Development of programmes for safe and inclusive transportation for women and girls in cities

By on September 29, 2016
Lecturer - profile



Main affiliation
El Colegio de Mexico



North America



Dr. Arturo Alvarado has a Ph. D. in Social Science with concentration in Sociology. Since 1986, he is a full time professor at Centro de Estudios Sociológicos in El Colegio de Mexico, and director of the same Center since 2012.
He is a specialist in topics such as justice, human rights and national security. He has done numerous investigations and evaluations related with Violence, Violence Prevention, Criminality and Justice in Latin America. He is consultor of international programs for the UN and the World Bank.
In 2009 was invited as “Maitre de Conférences” at the Institute de Hautes Etudes D’Amérique Latine (IHEAL) at the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle.
In 2006 was Cogut Visiting Professor at Watson Institute in Brown University. In 2003 participated as Visiting Fellow for the Special Program in Urban and Regional Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In 2004 joined the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars as Visiting Scholar.
He’s the author of “El tamaño del infierno. Un estudio sobre la criminalidad y en la Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México” (2012), and “Vidas Truncadas, el exceso de mortalidad en América Latina” “Truncated Lifes, a Study of the Excess Homicide Rates of Young Population on Latin America”. (2015). He was also coordinator and autor of “Violencia Juvenil y Acceso a la Justicia en América Latina” (2014), publicated by El Colegio de México.

English Proficiency

Previous experience of recording video lectures

Experience of lecturing to large audiences

Experience of lecturing to large audiences

Frequency of lectures
Very often

Recording opportunities
Habitat III attendance and availability

Recording preference – not Habitat III
Record via UN-Habitat UNI video team

Upcoming conferences etc
I might attend UN hábitat, if they finance the travel

Details of video team

Main themes




development of programas for safe and inclusive transportation for women and girls in cities

A significant historical advance in the struggle to eliminate gender violence has been the creation of a program, by UN and by several national, of a frame to create programs to eradicate violence.
The UN Women Program to Create Safe Cities for Women and Girls is one important project.
Has a component to eliminate of Sexual Harassment in the Transportation System
Is a challenge and invitation to design programs for safe women’s participation in public spaces

Issues which the lecture addresses
This lecture aims to i) define a conceptual framework for violence against women in public transportation; ii) make an estimate of the magnitude and scope of the problem; iii) systematize the existing information on sexual violence against women; iv) map the routes and modes of public transportation women use, while locating the spaces where harassment takes place; v) create a baseline to more clearly estimate the magnitude and scope of sexual harassment; and vi) propose public policies to erradicate sexual harassment.An Assessment of the Problem of Sexual Harrassment; A Gender Considerations on Mobility and Violence in Public Spaces and in the Public Transportation System. Theory & Methods About Sexual Violence in Public Places
An Estimation of Victimization Risks for Women in the Mexico City’s Transportation System including a Qualitative and a Quantitaticve analysisi of the Problem, and finally, an Analysis and Assessment of the “Viajemos seguras” Program in Mexico City

Short analysis of the above issues
This work comes as an effort to understand the problems women face in trying to fully exercise their right to access public space—without fear of becoming the victims of crime and sexual violence. In recent months, the problem of sexual harassment against women has become more visible. The first months of 2016 registered a notable increase in awareness regarding violence against women in the public space. Several events contributed to increasing awareness of the sheer degree of everyday harassment women face in the city’s streets and transportation. In 2014, 23.1 percent of reported crimes defined as “sexual abuse” were committed in public transportation: an average 1.13 crimes were reported on a daily basis. After abuse, the second most common sexual crime reported in Mexico City was rape, with a 22 percent rate, meaning that 1.5 rapes were reported every day. Several surveys have shown that sexual violence against women in the private sphere (homes) as well as in the public sphere (community spaces) is harmful to women, their rights, and their opportunities. The 2011 ENDIREH (National Survey on Violence Against Women) reported that 31.8 percent of women have been the victims of violence in the public space (see chapter by Gustavo Urbina). In recent years, public concern over violence in public transportation has led to the creation of violence-reduction programs (such as “Viajemos Seguras” (Women Travelling Safely), which was launched in 2008).
One of the most significant advances in the fight against gender violence has come with the drafting of legislation at the international, national, and local levels.
For more than twenty years, civil society organizations and state actors have pushed to put gender violence on the public agenda: the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) was adopted by the United Nations in 1979, and Mexico ratified it in 1981.
Despite these normative advances, sexual abuse in public spaces remains an everyday, endemnic problem. This is a problem of utmost importance and is recognized at the global level; it is a violation of human rights, a public health issue, an obstacle to the development and creation of inclusive and safe cities, a challenge to the exercise of citizen rights, and a limitant to women’s rights to fully access the public space.

Propositions for addressing the issue
An Assessment of the Problem
Gender Considerations on Mobility and Violence in Public Spaces and in the Public Transportation System. Theory & Methods
Sexual Violence in Public Places
The Urban Context & Mobility in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City (ZMCM)
Mobility & Gender
Women’s Mobility, Characteristics
Victimization Risks for Women in the ZMCM Transportation System
Sexual Crimes Against Women in Public Spaces
Victimization Estimates from Surveys (ENVIPE & ENDIREH)
Sexual Victimization Risks in the Surrounding Areas of the Metro & Metrobús Systems. Spatial Analysis
Qualitative Study of Sexual Violence in Public Transportation System.
Analysis and Assessment of the “Viajemos seguras” Program in Mexico City

Additional Reading Materials
UN Women, (2016) Report on Sexual Violnece in Mexico City. Drfat. UN WOmen, Mexico,
Alvarado, Arturo (2012), El tamaño del infierno. Un estudio de la Criminalidad en la Zona metropolitana de la Ciudad de México. Mexico, El Colegio de México.
Bazant, Jan (2011), Planeación urbana estratégica. Métodos y técnicas de análisis. Mexico, Trillas, p. 191.
• CEDAW (1979), Available here: http://www.inmujeres.gob.mx/inmujeres/images/stories/cedaw/cedaw.pdf
• Stanko, E. (1990), Everyday violence: women’s and men’s experience of personal danger. London: Pandora.
• Uteng, Tanu Priya (2012), Gender and Mobility in the Developing Word, World Development Report 2012, Gender Equality and Development, Background Paper, World Bank, Washington.
• Vargas, Virginia (2007), Espacio público, seguridad ciudadana y violencia de género. Reflexiones a partir de un proceso de debate (2006–2007), Programa Regional: Ciudades sin Violencia hacia las Mujeres Ciudades Seguras para Todas y Todos, Red Mujer y Hábitat de América Latina y el Caribe. Cuadernos de Diálogo, UNIFEM.