.

2017 Report – University of Lagos, Department of Architecture

By on June 11, 2017
General Information
University
University of Lagos

Department/Institution
Department of Architecture

Country
Nigeria Lagos

Person filling out the report
Arc David Adio-Moses
davidadunade@gmail.com
A lecturer and Architect

Associated UNI Thematic Hubs
Urban Regeneration

Collaborations
Other academic network affiliations
Yes
CNBR – Cooperative Network for Building Researchers

Other research network affiliations
Yes
1- CIB- International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction 2- USGBC – United States Green Building council

Collaborations with UNI members in academic activities
No

Collaborations with UNI members in research initiatives
Yes
SERENITY GARDENS IS A RESEARCH-BASED INITIATIVE ORIGINATED BY
DAVID ADIO-MOSES UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF PROF MIKE ADEBAMOWO

RESEARCH TITLE – GREEN ARCHITECTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE, SMART MASS HOUSING IN LAGOS

BACKGROUND – Lagos is second fastest growing city in Africa and seventh fastest in the world.
On June 20, 2016, Lagos State Governor, Mr. Akinwunmi Ambode and Deputy Prime Minister, United Arab Emirate (UAE) Mr. Ahmad Bin Byat witnessed the signing of MoU to develop Lagos into the first smart megacity in Africa. Frost & Sullivan (2014) identified key aspects that define a Smart City: SMART governance, energy, building, mobility, infrastructure, technology, healthcare and citizen."

RATIONALE/JUSTIFICATION – On 25 September 2015, the 193 countries of the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Development Agenda titled Transforming our world'.' This included the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Smart city strategy addresses the last twelve SDGs:
1- End poverty in all its forms everywhere
2- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
4- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all 5- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
6- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
7- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
8- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
9- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
10- Reduce inequality within and among countries
11- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
12- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
13- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
14- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
15- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
16- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
17- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

PROBLEM STATEMENT – The Population Division at the United Nations (UN) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) published the 2015 Revision of World Population Prospects.
It stated that from 2015-2050, half of the world’s population growth is expected to be concentrated in nine countries, with Nigeria’s population (currently seventh largest in the world) growing most rapidly. Consequently, the population of Nigeria is projected to surpass that of the United States by about 2050 with 300 million people, at which point it would become the third largest country in the world.
The United States Green Building council (2016) states that the commercial and residential building sector accounts for 39% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the United States per year, more than any other sector. Most of these emissions come from the combustion of fossil fuels to provide heating, cooling and lighting, and to power appliances and electrical equipment.

PROJECTED IMPACT OF THE RESEARCH – Green Architecture basically refers to environmentally friendly buildings that are energy efficient. Smart City Sustainability Criteria created by arc David Adio-Moses based on 10-point criteria for green architecture by the American Institute of Architects will achieve the following in Lagos mass housing –
1- Increase level of natural light enhancement through green energy
2- Enhance positive Environmental impact
3- Improve level of spatial flexibility and Architectural Design efficiency
4- Ensure Thermal comfort
5- Advance the level of efficient waste re-usage
6- Improve the air quality
7- Increase the level of water cycle conservation
8- Encourage feedback on affordability and cultural acceptability
9- Ensure appropriate technology for lean construction
10- Confirm high level of Durability

AIM- The aim of the study is to examine the implementation of green smart city strategy with achievement of SDGs for innovative, sustainable building construction in Lagos.

OBJECTIVES – The objectives explore innovative ways of supporting the application of Green Architecture to achieve sustainable development of smart green housing

METHODS – Methodology involves a literature survey on SDGs and Smart Cities with information on Green Architecture, Sensor Technology, Global Warming, Integrated Project Delivery, Lean Construction and Intelligent Buildings.
Several systems-building housing estates in Lagos will be examined as case studies to identify the innovative use of sustainable building materials and construction methods currently being utilized.

SIGNIFICANCE – The pyramid-shaped process of achieving green, smart city below was created by the author to transform the current inefficient system of creating mass housing in Lagos –
1- Smart, Green Energy Grid
2a- Smart Citizens Including Government
2b- Smart Information and Communication Technology
2c- Smart Infrastructure to Support Strategic Economic Growth and Innovative Waste Management
3a- Smart Educational System
3b- Smart Security against Terrorism and Corruption
3c- Smart, Green Architecture for Intelligent Buildings
4a- Smart Healthcare
4b- Smart Agricultural System Network
4c- Smart Green Transportation Infrastructure
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) is a collaborative alliance of people, systems, business structures and practices into a process that harnesses the talents and insights of all participants to optimize project results, increase value to the owner, reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of design, fabrication, and construction.
Lean Construction is a system of maximizing value, improving efficiency, enhancing quality, ensuring cost-effectiveness and reducing waste in a building project.

Programmes

Undergraduate Programmes
All the undergraduate programmes can be obtained from www.unilag.edu.ng website

Master Programmes
All the MASTERS programmes can be obtained from www.spgs.unilag.edu.ng website

PhD Programmes
All the PHD programmes can be obtained from www.spgs.unilag.edu.ng website

Other Programmes
All the post-graduate programmes can be obtained from www.spgs.unilag.edu.ng website

Produced Materials

Books
none

Articles
1. Smart City Strategy and Sustainable Development Goals for building construction framework in Lagos – A paper delivered at the 5th International Conference on Infrastructure Development in Africa (theme – Infrastructure as a Driver for Economic Growth and Integration in African: What is the way forward? Sub-Theme – Sustainability in the Built Environment) at the Department Of Construction Management and Quantity Surveying, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa from 10 -13 July, 2016 by Adio-Moses D.A. (Department of Architecture) and Oladiran O.J. (Department of Building), University of Lagos, Nigeria.

2. Undergraduate Students use of Social Media: Case Study of Built Environment Disciplines at The University of Lagos, Nigeria – A paper in the University Of Mauritius Research Journal – Volume 22 – 2016, Réduit, Mauritius, accepted on 04 May 2016, by Lawanson T. (Department of Urban and Regional Planning), Adio-Moses D. (Department of Architecture), Oyalowo B. (Department of Estate Management), Faremi J (Department of Building), I John (Department of Quantity Surveying) and A Alabi (Department of Estate Management)
3. Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable Development of Urban Buildings – A paper delivered at the 9th CIDB Postgraduate Conference, Cape Town, South Africa (theme – Emerging Trends in Construction Organizational Practices and Project Management Knowledge Area) from February 2-4, 2016 by David A. Adio-Moses and Olumuyiwa S. Asaolu
4. Green Architecture With Prefab Systems For Sustainable Urban Design – A paper delivered at the CIB (International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction) W107 2014 Conference at Orchid Hotel, Lekki, Lagos (theme – Construction in Developing Countries and its Contribution to Sustainable Development) from 28th to 30th January, 2014 by Adio-Moses D.A, Adebayo A.K. and Obiozo R.N.
5. Using Hybrid Approach for Lean Construction Of Urban Housing – A paper for the International Conference on Innovations in Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Engineering, University of Lagos, Nigeria from August 8TH – 10TH, 2011 by Adio-Moses D.A, Adebayo A.K. and Obi P.O.
6. Computerized Synergy for Enhanced Efficiency of Professionals in the Building Industry – a paper delivered at the 5th UNILAG Research Conference at the University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos state on 22nd October 2009 by Adio-Moses D.A, Okedele O.S. and Obi P.O.

Projects
SERENITY GARDENS ESTATE PROJECT – MAY 2017

ARCHITECT – ARC DAVID ADIO-MOSES
ARCHITECT / SENIOR PROJECT MANAGER – PROF MIKE ADEBAMOWO
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER – PROF FUNSO FALADE

1. SERENITY GARDENS ESTATE (SGE) AS MODEL FOR LAGOS SMART MEGACITY DEVELOPMENT
RAPID POPULATION GROWTH IN NIGERIA
The Population Division at the United Nations (UN) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) published the 2015 Revision of World Population Prospects stating that the world population reached 7.3 billion as of July 2015, implying that the world has added approximately one billion people in the span of the last twelve years
Consequently, of the additional 2.4 billion people projected to be added to the global population between 2015 and 2050, 1.3 billion will be added in Africa.
From 2015-2050, half of the world’s population growth is expected to be concentrated in nine countries with Nigeria as the second highest
Amongst these nine countries, Nigeria’s population, currently the seventh largest in the world, is growing the most rapidly.
Consequently, the population of Nigeria is projected to surpass that of the United States by about 2050 with 300 million people, at which point it would become the third largest country in the world.
GLOBAL WARMING
The United States Green Building council (2016) states that the commercial and residential building sector accounts for 39% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the United States per year, more than any other sector.
Most of these emissions come from the combustion of fossil fuels to provide heating, cooling and lighting, and to power appliances and electrical equipment.
SERENITY GARDENS ESTATE PROPOSAL
SERENITY GARDENS ESTATE (SGE) contains 1,600 Flats and is designed to become the first affordable, smart, green mixed-use estate in Nigeria
It will serve as a model for smart Lagos megacity development to help address problems such as critical shortage of housing, inadequate green energy and urban pollution.
SGE is a mixed-use estate which will include an office complex, shopping Centre and an aquatic Centre to boost eco-cultural tourism
The key attractions for SGE are –
1- Green Architecture
2- Affordability and cost effectiveness based on Lafarge Fastbuild construction technology
3- Constant green energy (Solar, Wind, Biomass, Piezo electricity and ocean current)
4- Smart City Technology using Internet of things for intelligent buildings
Lagos is a port city and the most populous city in Nigeria.
Lagos is the second fastest growing city in Africa and the seventh fastest in the world.
According to the 2006 census, there are 8,048,430 inhabitants in Metropolitan Lagos.
The current population figure of Lagos State given by the Lagos State Government is 17,553,924.
With a population of over 16 million, Lagos is the second largest city in Africa.
Lagos State accounts for over 60% of industrial and commercial activities in the nation (highest internal revenue of all states in Nigeria)

On June 20, 2016, Lagos State Governor, Mr. Akinwunmi Ambode and Deputy Prime Minister, United Arab Emirate (UAE) & Chairman, Dubai Holdings, Mr. Ahmad Bin Byat witnessed the signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Smart City Lagos between the City of Dubai and Lagos State Government, at the Emirate Towers, Dubai.
The purpose of the MOU is to develop Lagos into the first smart megacity in Africa.

2. SMART CITY SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA CREATED BY ARC DAVID ADIO-MOSES
BASED ON 10-POINT CRITERIA FOR GREEN ARCHITECTURE
BY THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS
1- Level of natural light enhancement through green energy
2- Environmental impact
3- Level of spatial flexibility and efficiency
4- Thermal comfort
5- Level of efficient waste re-usage
6- Air quality
7- Level of water cycle conservation
8- Feedback on affordability and cultural acceptability
9- Level of appropriate technology for lean construction
10- Durability

THE PYRAMID PROCESS OF ACHIEVING GREEN, SMART CITY CREATED BY ARC DAVID ADIO-MOSES
1- Smart, Green Energy Grid

2a- Smart Citizens Including Government
2b- Smart Information and Communication Technology
2c- Smart Infrastructure to Support Strategic Economic Growth and Innovative Waste Management

3a- Smart Educational System
3b- Smart Security against Terrorism and Corruption
3c- Smart, Green Architecture for Intelligent Buildings

4a- Smart Healthcare
4b- Smart Agricultural System Network
4c- Smart Green Transportation Infrastructure

3- UNITED NATIONS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
On 25 September 2015, the 193 countries of the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Development Agenda titled Transforming our world'.'
This included the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

SMART CITY STRATEGY ADDRESSES THE LAST TWELVE SDGS:
1- End poverty in all its forms everywhere
2- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
4- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all 5- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
6- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
7- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
8- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
9- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
10- Reduce inequality within and among countries
11- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
12- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
13- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
14- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
15- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
16- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
17- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

4. HOW SGE CAN BE SCALED INTO A SUCCESSFUL SMART CITY BUSINESS MODEL
TWELVE MAJOR SYSTEMS IN SMART CITY DEVELOPMENT CREATED BY ARC DAVID ADIO-MOSES
A- COMPUTERIZED HOUSING AND APPLICATIONS
1- Green Architecture
2- Intelligent Buildings
3- Machine Learning

B- COMPUTERIZED DATA USAGE
1- Building Information Modeling
2- Data Analytics
3- Web Semantics

C- COMPUTERIZED TECHNOLOGY BACKGROUND
1- Nanotechnology
2- Artificial Intelligence
3- Internet Of Things

D- COMPUTERIZED DATABANK STORAGE
1- Cloud Computing
2- Big Data
3- Cybernetics

A smart city uses digital technologies or information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance quality and performance of urban services, to reduce costs and resource consumption, and to engage more effectively and actively with its citizens.

TEN PROJECT MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE AREAS
Project Cost Management
Project Human Resource Management
Project Risk Management
Project Integration Management
Project Scope Management
Project Time Management
Project Communications Management
Project Quality Management
Project Procurement Management
Project Stakeholder Management

Additional Comments
PROFILE OF ARC. DAVID A. ADIO-MOSES

Arc. David A. Adio-Moses is an Architect, Project Manager, Green Smart City Innovation Strategist and Lecturer at the Department of Architecture, University of Lagos, (UNILAG) Nigeria.
I have a Prince 2 International Project Management Certification and Advanced Certificate in Project Management (UNILAG Consult).
I am a member of the following professional Bodies: Nigerian Institute of Architects, Architects Registration Council of Nigeria Member, International Facility Management Association, United States Green Buildings Council and Nigerian Institute of Management.
My research focuses on Green Architecture for Intelligent Buildings.
I am the Secretary of Building Collapse Prevention Guild (BCPG) Bariga Chapter.
I am a Member, Board of Trustees, Strategic African Business Leaders Initiative.
I am the former Public Relations Officer (P.R.O.) of the Lagos State Chapter, Nigerian Institute of Architects.
I am the Departmental SIWES (Students Industrial Works Experience Scheme) Coordinator in charge of Industrial Training for 300 level students in Architectural Firms.
I am the Staff Adviser of GEMSTONE Network Connect UNILAG Chapter. GEMSTONE, founded by Mr. Fela Durotoye, is an acronym for a “Generation that is Empowered, Motivated & Stirred To Operate with Natural Excellence”.

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS
– MEMBER, NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS – NIA (M 2156) – 2003
– MEMBER, ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION COUNCIL OF NIGERIA – ARCON (F 2152) – 2004
– MEMBER, NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT – NIM (M 47521) – 2008
– MEMBER, INTERNATIONAL FACILITY MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION – IFMA (0187) – 2004
– SECRETARY, BARIGA CELL GROUP, BUILDING COLLAPSE PREVENTION GUILD (BCPG) – 2013

ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
– BACHELOR OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (B.E.S.) – Bachelors (UNILAG) – 1993
– BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE (B. ARCH.) – Masters (UNILAG) – 1997
– ADVANCED CERTIFICATE IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT (UNILAG CONSULT) – 2008
– PRINCE 2 INTERNATIONAL PROJECT MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATION – 2010

SOME OF THE TRAINING WORKSHOPS AND SEMINARS ATTENDED
1- WORLD ARCHITECTURE CONGRESS CONFERENCE – at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre from 27th – 29th September, 2011
2- PRINCE2 Training (Foundation and Practitioner) at Longhall Consulting – December 2010
3- THE PRACTICAL USE OF 3D CAD WITH AUTOCAD FOR ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN – A four day National workshop organized by the Nigeria Computer Society at the University of Ibadan from 22nd June 2010 – 25th June 2010
4- LAGOS ARCHITECTS FORUM 2013 (ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN) – organized by the Lagos State Chapter of the Nigerian Institute of Architects from 15th – 17th May, 2013 at the Expo Center, Eko Hotel and Suites, Victoria Island, Lagos

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