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University of Azores – Coordination of Municipal Master Plan of Huambo, Angola

By on August 30, 2016
University
University of Azores

Contact name and title
Dr. Tomaz Ponce Dentinho

email
tomas.lc.dentinho@uac.pt

Title of activity
Coordination of Municipal Master Plan of Huambo, Angola

Description of activity
The coordination of the Municipal Master Plan of Huambo in Angola involved the caracterization and diagnosis of the society (1200000 residents) and the territory of the municipality (2400 Km2), the involvement in the public participation on the plan proposal, and the design of the land use plan, land use ruse and plan executive and financial program. The main questions addressed were: 1) How to recover the economy of the municipality after 40 years of civil war? What are the present and future basic value chains of the municipality and how to stimulate feasible investments? 2) How to promote regional sustainable development addressing spatial justice, development and sustainablity? What is the adequate distribution of public investment and effective urban rules? 3) How to address the provision of urban services on water supply, sewage, garbage management and transport?
Sustainable Development Goal 11 targets relating to activity
11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
11.3 By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries
11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
11.7 By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
11.a Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
11.b By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
11.c Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials
Main themes of this activity
Water
Slum Upgrading
Sanitation
Reconstruction
Planning and Design
Mobility
Land
Evaluation
Economy
Climate Change
Changes that took place as a result of this activity
The major change was so far through high education with the supersision of master and PhD thesis around the topics of the Master Plan. In fact the only part of the master Plan that was used was the list of activities with estimated budget. The proposal to create a contained dense city with viable infrastructures, a sustainable spatial distribution of public services, the maintenance and recovery of the green areas, the construction of na airport suitable for long ranging flights, all of these are refrained by the financial crises of Angola.
How the impact of the activity was measured
I measure by the contacts I continue to have with the dozen of PhD and Master students that develop their academic work with the University of Azores. Other students from other places from developing countries are doing their masters and PhD thesis on regional sustainable development at the University of Azores and new Project are being done and/or accompained on the theme: evaluation of the drainage plan of Beira (Mozambique), Strategic Plan of the Lower Basin of the Zambeze River, Impact of Climate Change in São Tomé, Water Shortages in Latin America (Campinas, Cochabamba), Garbage collection in African Cities (Huambo, Lubango,…)
Links related to the activity
  • http://www.dca.uac.pt/ensino/curso/9301
Additional notes
The major problem is that the real aims and attitudes of experts at the Universities, consulting companies and at local experts and politicians are not effectively concerned with sustainable regional development. Academics want to produce scientific papers, consulting companies want to have more projects and get more knowledge on the places, and local experts and politicians, besides wanting to getmore knowldge, are more interested on the Project design rather than on the implementation. What we get is more knowledge that hopefully will inform improved actions and policies. Hopefully this knowledge will help the achievement of the goals for 2030 mainly by correcting the mistakes of virtual cities and slumps; abandoned populations and Elephants in the desert.
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